maandag 24 maart 2008

Bourgondië en de Bourgondische School

Burgundy: the "middle kingdom".
The marriage of the daughter of the Count of Flanders with the duke of Burgundy (Philip the Bold) in 1368 united two wealthy regions, which were however separated from each other..
The dukes decided to do something about it. Within less than a century they expanded their territories considerably. The "great duke of the West" (Philip the Good) added the regions in light green, most of present day Belgium and The Netherlands, and therefore also deserved the title of "Father of The Netherlands". He also ruled the red regions for the church. The last duke (Charles the Bold) succeeded, be it shortly, to link northern an southern regions by conquering Lorraine.
Charles the Bold died on the battlefield in Lorraine in 1477. His daughter, the beautiful Mary of Burgundy, decided to marry the German Emperor instead of the King of France. Few marriages had such an important effect on the course of history.
The Burgundian School is a term used to denote a group of composers active in the 15th century in what is now northern and eastern France, Belgium, and the Netherlands, centered on the court of the Dukes of Burgundy. The school also included some English composers at the time when part of modern France was controlled by England.
The Burgundian School was the first phase of activity of the Franco-Flemish School, the central musical practice of the Renaissance in Europe.

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